Montreal, Canada - October 21, 2010 Psychtests.com, one of the web's foremost sources of personality, career, and IQ assessments, are revealing the results of their popular Honesty test. While the majority of test-takers appeared to be, in general, reasonably honest, men and women and people of different age groups differed in terms of telling the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but.
Statistics vary when it comes to how much businesses lose yearly as a result of employee dishonesty, but placing losses in the vicinity of several million each year (in the form of employee theft, time theft, etc.) probably wouldn't be too off the mark. What's an employer to do? The polygraph test has been banned for over a decade, and the criteria for identifying a dishonest worker just can't be narrowed down to shifty eyes, a gold tooth, and a long, thin moustache twiddled between claw-like fingers. "My last major career achievement you say? Why, I defeated my nemesis, Mr. Bond," replies your job candidate as he strokes his cat. No, dishonest employees are not that blatantly recognizable, unfortunately.
While honesty tests in general need to be taken with a grain of salt, research has shown that honesty testing in the employment setting does have its merit. Studies by One et al., (1993) show that honesty testing works - in companies where testing has been implemented, theft and other forms of dishonest behaviors have decreased dramatically. Research has also found a reasonably strong link between integrity test results and overall job performance.
After months of research and years of tweaking, PsychTests AIM Inc.'s version of an honesty test was released to the public. Over 1600 test-takers completed their most recent version. The average score on the honesty test was 70, indicating that while most people may be tempted to stick their hands in the proverbial cookie jar, they are fairly honest on most occasions. PsychTests' statistics also reveal that women were slightly more honest than men (scores of 72 and 69 respectively). Men were slightly more likely to have lenient attitude towards dishonesty (32 vs. 29), to rationalize dishonest behavior (30 vs. 27), and to cover up for a colleague's or friend's dishonesty (37 vs. 32).
Honesty also tends to vary with age. Unlike older age groups, those below the age of 17 were more likely to have a lenient attitude towards dishonesty, to view being dishonest as a frequent occurrence (everyone's doing it), to rationalize dishonest behavior as a result of circumstances or being treated poorly, to surf the internet for personal purposes while at work, to waste time at work, and to cover up for their own dishonesty as well as other people's.
"Honesty at work can be a sensitive issue, but something we need to look into, "points out Dr. Jerabek, president of the company. "Our data shows that only 20% of our test-takers believe that the majority of people are honest. That's telling. The question is, does adopting the attitude of "everyone else does it" increase acts of dishonesty? While research has varied on the strength of this relationship (many things can influence the strength of the effect), it is generally considered to be true by experts in the field of honesty testing. While employers certainly should not make hiring choices based solely on the results of an honesty test, it is an important source of information that should be considered in light of references, other personality assessments, and job history."
The frequency of dishonest acts at work may be higher than we think. PsychTests' data shows that 49% of people worked in a position where colleagues were consistently and purposely unproductive - long breaks, leaving early, intentionally working slowly - classic cases of "time theft". 21% of test-takers admitted that they spent at least an hour surfing the internet for fun while at work, and 13% confessed that, had a camera been present to film their every move, they would have worked harder and taken fewer breaks. Innocent admissions of course, and likely something the majority of us would be guilty of to a certain degree, but the number of wasted work hours does add up. And it isn't just time theft. 26% of PsychTests' population of test-takers were between the ages of 15 to 18 the last time they remember stealing something, and 28% have said that they've stolen small things from their employer, like food and office supplies.
While 30% of people admit that they've lied to get out of trouble at work, people were torn in terms of whether to report a friend's dishonesty. When asked what they would do if their friend admitted to stealing a large amount of money from the company's petty cash, 37% stated that they would tell their employer, 41% would encourage their friend to fess up, and 6% would lie to their boss about the source of the missing cash, and cover for their friend.
"Some dishonesty it seems, is an act of kindness, as a whopping 73% of people would tell a boldfaced lie in order to protect the feelings of someone they care about," says Dr. Jerabek. "Whether or not a lie can be rationalized as an act of honor is a debate of its own merit, but when we are dishonest at work, even with a strong rationale - an unappreciative boss, a hateful co-worker, a money-hungry corporation - we aren't taking the high road here. Sadly, we become no better than these people we dislike."
Those wishing to put their honesty to the test can go to http://testyourself.psychtests.com/testid/2100. Employers interested in using this or other pre-employment tests can visit http://psychtests.com/solutions/hr_testing.
A white paper on how to foster honesty in the workplace can be found at http://psychtests.com/pdf/honesty_article.pdf.
About PsychTests AIM Inc:
PsychTests AIM Inc. originally appeared on the internet scene in 1997. Since its inception, it has become a pre-eminent provider of psychological assessment products and services to human resource personnel, therapists, academics, researchers and a host of other professionals around the world. PsychTests AIM Inc. staff is comprised of a dedicated team of psychologists, test developers, researchers, statisticians, writers, and artificial intelligence experts. PsychTests AIM Inc. was founded and is led by Dr. Ilona Jerabek, a specialist in the field of psychometric assessments and Vrat Jerabek Ph. D., a researcher and authority in the field of artificial intelligence.
Ilona Jerabek, Ph.D., President
PsychTests AIM Inc.